If you have been trying to conceive for a significant amount of time but are still nowhere near success then it is time to go for a detailed evaluation of both the partners. There are many studies supporting the fact that this inability to conceive could be because of any of the partners be it male or female. But in most cases analyzing the semen of the male isn’t given much priority as people fail to realize the importance of Semen Analysis Report in the treatment of male infertility. These parameters can guide a couple further into what kind of treatment can turn out to be effective.
A detailed semen analysis is carried out for testing male infertility. Various factors such as sperm concentration, sperm count, and motility are taken into account to decide the appropriate course of treatment. The standardization of the semen analysis report has been done across the world which allows a precise calculation of the sperm output. Let us take a look at certain factors that affect the sperm output.
- Sperm Count
The total number of sperms present in the entire semen ejaculated is known as the total sperm count. 39 million per semen ejaculate that is 5th percentile is considered as the lower reference limit by WHO.
- Sperm Density
Not many people know of this but Oligozoospermia is a classic sign of male infertility. In this condition, the testicles don’t produce sperm the way they should. Therefore, it is important to take into account the concentration of sperms in a single ejaculate. The number of sperms in millions per millimeter is counted. According to WHO a sperm density of 15 million sperms per ml is considered sufficient. Anything above that is a good sign.
- Volume of Ejaculate
The volume refers to the quantity of a single ejaculate. It is measured in ml. If it is lower than 1.5 ml, there could be a blockage in the prostate or the seminal vesicles. According to the WHO, any quantity that lies between 1.5-5 ml is considered normal. This means that 1.5 ml is the lower reference point.
- Sperm Motility
The number of moving sperms and their movements are taken into account while measuring sperm motility. A healthy movement is in the 40-50% range.
- Liquefaction of the Sperms
The liquefaction time indicates the time taken by the ejaculate to become liquid. Normally, the semen that comes out during ejaculation is thick. An ideal time for liquefaction is 20-30 minutes.
- Fructose Levels
Fructose provides energy to the sperm. If the levels of fructose are down, it indicates a problem.
Morphology is used to determine the shape of the sperm. If a large number of sperms are not of a normal shape then it can pose issues during conception.
Too acidic or too alkaline pH of the sperm can affect the chances of a pregnancy. An ideal pH considered normal by WHO is 7.2-7.8.
People should realize soon that tests for male infertility are equally important as female infertility exams. Chances of eradicating infertility increase when both the male and the female get tested. This way an appropriate course of treatment can be adopted.