Infertility is a common problem in today’s advanced lifestyle. A couple is termed as infertile if there is no successful fertilization even after one year of sexual intercourse without any protection. The problem of infertility can be in either of the partners. There is a 50 percent chance of a man being infertile in a relationship. The various reasons for infertility in men and treatments for them are discussed below.
Reasons for infertility in men
Infertility in men is due to the production of low sperm. Immobile sperm or any blockage can also lead to infertility in men. Any kind of health issue, accident, hormonal disbalance, genetic problems or problem in erection and ejaculation can be a direct reason for this. Unhealthy lifestyle and the harmful toxins present in the environment can also add to this major problem in men.
How to diagnose male infertility?
You have already learned that there can be many reasons that can lead to infertility. It is also important to know how to diagnose whether a man is infertile or not. For this, he will have to visit a Infertility specialist who will guide him through. The following procedures are followed:
- The doctor check the full medical history of the patient
- He goes through the details of any surgery if done
- All the medicines of the patient are checked if any
- An evaluation of the patient’s lifestyle is done
- Physical examinations are carried out
- Semen samples of the patient is examined
Treatments for male infertility
If the result of the tests carried out by the doctor comes out to be positive, then the patient is detected to be infertile. But there is nothing to lose hope as there are many treatment procedures to cure infertility. They are:
Many medicines have been proved to be very helpful in curing various problems of infertility in men. They can correct the deficiency of the pituitary hormone in the body and increase the possibility of fertilization.
A minor surgery named varicocelectomy, which can repair dilated scrotal veins is often suggested in this case. It can improve the sperm movement and thus can cure infertility.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
This method can be successful in eliminating various infertility problems in men like sperm count, immobility of sperms, immunologic infertility, and ejaculation problem.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
This is quite a common process that many couples, who have left hope, are taking help of. IVF is mostly employed in case of women, but can also be implemented for men. Here a female egg joins with a sperm externally in the laboratory.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
In this process, sperm is directly injected into an egg. It is an alternative to IVF and is a more advanced version of it.
All the above treatment procedures are literally eradicating the problem of infertility for men and women. So it is very important to visit a urologist if there is any symptom of infertility as he can guide the best way.