The endometrium is a tissue that is present on the inside of the uterus, marking the lining. When this tissue starts to grow outside of the uterus, a painful condition known as Endometriosis develops. When the tissue is displaced, it has no way to exit and becomes trapped inside the body. When ovaries are involved it can result in cyst formation accompanied by severe pain.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
The most prominent symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain. Also, pain due to menstrual cramps becomes unbearable and keeps on increasing with time. Some other symptoms include:
- Severe pain in the lower back and the abdominal area.
- Painful urination and bowel movements during menstruation.
- Bleeding in between periods or unusually heavy periods that is, excessive bleeding during menstruation.
- General symptoms such as fatigue, constipation, diarrhoea, bloating, nausea, etc. especially during periods.
In order to select an appropriate treatment for endometriosis, the doctor diagnoses the body and finds out the stage at which the condition persists.
Stage 1: Endometriosis (Minimal)
The first stage of the condition is characterized by flat flecks or patches on the surface of the pelvis. These superficial implants cause inflammation and can irritate the surrounding tissue. Adhesions sometimes form in the form of scars. They can make the movable tissues still by combining them, thus causing a lot of pain. The implants caused at this stage should not be mistaken for cysts or ovarian cancer.
Stage 2: Endometriosis (Mild)
In the second stage, tiny black spots can occur over the adhesions. In this stage, the intensity of the first stage has increased. This can result in severe pelvic pain. The recto-uterine pouch is also characterized by these small lesions which cause problems during ovulation. In short, the second stage consists of all the traits of the first stage in an intensified manner.
Stage 3: Endometriosis (Moderate)
At the third stage of endometriosis, cysts appear that are filled with blood inside that is reddish brown in colour. Rupturing of a cyst leads to inflammation in the abdominal region. The patient can experience severe abdominal and pelvic ache in this condition. The infection can also give rise to adhesions that are of a greater intensity.
Stage 4: Endometriosis (Severe)
The adhesions and cysts, mostly at the back of the uterus are more severe in the fourth stage and are most likely for a surgical removal. It can also lead to infertility and digestive issues.
As soon as a person notices a few of the above-mentioned symptoms it is essential to seek immediate medical attention so that the condition.