Thyroid Disease- A Leading Cause of Infertility around the World

The thyroid gland is one of the most important glands in the body that secretes the thyroid hormones. The hormone is crucial for the proper development and functioning of the body any discrepancy in it can lead to different types of issues. One of the major issues seen with respect to the imbalance of the thyroid hormones in the body is infertility. Even though it is an impending problem for both genders, it has been routinely noticed that females are more affected by it. A detailed description of the relationship between thyroid hormone and infertility has been discussed further.

What Do You Mean By Infertility? 

Infertility is the inability to procreate offspring leading to problems with the furthering of the generation. There a number of causes to it but anatomical, physical, psychological, and hormonal problems are the major ones among them. There has been a recent increase in the number of cases of infertility all over the world and thyroid problems play a significant role in it.

What Are The Types Of Thyroid Disorders?

 The disorders related to the thyroid gland are mainly of 3 types-

  • A marked increase in the level of hormones secreted from thyroid gland can lead to hyperthyroidism
  • Inversely, a decrease in the level of hormones can lead to hypothyroidism.
  • Any kind of pathological obstructions or lumps that can lead to problems related to hormonal problems.

Hyperthyroidism and Its Effects

 Whenever there is an increase in the levels of thyroid hormone, it can lead to infertility with almost 2.6 percent of the total numbers suffering from it. It is seen more commonly in women and if the right type of intervention is not given at the correct time, it can cause infertility related aspects and can also leads to abortion.

Hypothyroidism and Its Effects

 It is not only the increase in thyroid hormones that can cause infertility. The perspective of having decreased levels of thyroid hormones should also be added along with the normal and increased one. Even though it is highly uncommon with only 0.5 percent, but it can also cause the abortion, preterm birth, IUGR and BOD (Bad obstetric history) so the role of hypothyroidism cannot be overlooked.

Can It Affect Males?

 Even though thyroid-related disorders can cause infertility, it is a problem that is generally seen in females rather than males. However, even if there is an outside chance that a male can face the problem of infertility, it is mainly in the form of reduced ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, and low sperm count.

Treatment for Infertility Due To Thyroid Hormone 

Premature identification of the symptoms is the key here. In case you can see signs of infertility, you should report to a doctor and get your hormonal levels checked immediately. In case there is a problem with miscarriages, you should visit a Infertility specialist for the same.


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