What is a Fertility Evaluation and How is it Done?

Your lifestyle and environment may have a greater effect on your fertility than you realize. It’s possible that the father’s role in the couple’s inability to conceive plays a part as well.

What Is Fertility Evaluation?
A fertility evaluation includes a review of the patient’s medical history, a thorough physical examination, and any necessary diagnostic testing to determine the patient’s fertility status. Evaluating a man’s or woman’s fertility is done differently. A physician specializing in reproductive medicine can help identify potential causes of infertility and provide guidance through a fertility evaluation. Your fertility doctor will assess your situation and advise you on the best course of action to take to start a family.

Fertility Tests for Women
Tests for FSH, LH, Estradiol, AMH, and other fertility hormones are performed after a complete medical history and physical examination. The following imaging techniques can be used to investigate potential causes:

• Ultrasound
The use of this test is limited to detecting uterine fibroids and ovarian cysts and identifying the uterine position and size, endometrial pattern and thickness, ovarian follicle count and measure, ovulation, and other reproductive processes.

• Hysterosalpingogram
Method for determining whether or not a fallopian tube is blocked.

• Diagnostic Hysterolaparoscopy
Used to diagnose and treat conditions of the female reproductive system, such as ovarian cysts, endometriosis, fibroids, and uterine anomalies

Fertility Tests for Men
The penis, vas deferens, and testicles, along with other male reproductive organs, will be subjected to a thorough physical examination. The following analyses are performed:

• Examination of Sperm
To determine sperm quality (number, mobility, shape, etc.). Cases of secondary and unexplained infertility can be assessed with the help of cutting-edge semen tests like the DNA Fragmentation Index and the Reactive Oxygen Species assay.

• Transrectal Ultrasound
Performs detailed imaging of the vas deferens, seminal vesicles, etc.

• Scrotal Sonography
Scrotal probes are used to examine the scrotum and aid in detecting testicular abnormalities.

To help a patient realize their dream of becoming a parent, it is necessary to undergo a fertility evaluation so that a fertility specialist can determine the root cause of infertility and design a treatment plan that is comprehensive and tailored to the patient’s specific needs. Having Children is an unparalleled Joy.

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